Calculating unconfined rock strength from drilling data
are overlooked as a method for calculating rock strength. The objective of this paper is to show that unconfined rock strength based on drilling data compares to rock strength obtained from sonic cor-relations. 2 UCS CALCULATED FROM INVERTED ROP MODELS 2.1 ROP models To reduce the well costs, one important task for the
Estimating the Intact Rock Strength of a Rock Mass by ...
• The UCS includes discontinuity strength for rock masses with small discontinuity spacing. The UCS test sample is most often about 10 cm long and if the discontinuity spacing is less than 10 cm the core may include discontinuities.
Predicting the unconﬁned compressive strength of the ...
example, Bieniawski [Bieniawski, Z. T., Estimating the strength of rock materials, Is. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall., 1974, 74, 312– 320.] reported that mining engineers request the uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) more often than any other rock property. However, standards set for specimen preparation are very demanding. Therefore it is ...
Estimation of rock uniaxial compressive strength for an ...
· Laboratory tests for obtaining rock strength are the UCS test, triaxial compressive strength test, point load test, Schmidt hammer test, scratch test and indentation test to obtain rock strength from cuttings. In a uniaxial strength test, a 54 mm diameter rock is cut from the core and put under a pair of pistons to be compressed by axial loads.
Estimation of Unconfined Uniaxial Compressive Strength ...
compressive strength (UCS) of rocks are very significant for designing geotechnical applications such as tunnel and dam, rock fragmentation in quarry, rock excavation, a drilling and rock blasting. On the other hand, unconfined compressive strength researchers test is exhausting, expensive test
Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength ...
1.1 This test method specifies the apparatus, instrumentation, and procedures for determining unconfined compressive strength of intact rock core specimens. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI values given in parentheses are for information only.
Estimating thestrength ofrock materials
1.12.1952 rock sample Uniaxial compressive strength 72 2277 6597 2,89 Uniaxial tensile strength 12 249 316 1,27 Triaxial strength 13 261t 964 3,69 Modulus ofelasticityt 54 607 3072 5,06 Poisson''s ratio:j: 53 565 2882 5,10 I TOTAL (first three I properties) 97 2787 7877 2,83 TABLE II SUMMARY OFTHE CSIR ROCK TESTING SERVICES. TOTHE MINING ...
Unconfined Compression Test | Geoengineer
Rock Strength (Shear strength, compressive strength ...
Uniaxial Compressive Strength (UCS) test
· Uniaxial Compressive Strength (UCS) test. To study the rock failure behaviour, for example the rock spalling potential, the relationship of the UCS, and the ratio of the UCS and the tensile strength will give an estimation of the spalling potential. By comparing the UCS of the rock to rock stresses result in an estimation of the rock mass ...
Rock drillability prediction from in situ determined ...
unconfined compressive strength of rocks (UCS). Since one cannot expect efficiency of energy transfer from the bit to the rock, one can then replace SE by the term:  Rock drillability prediction from in situ determined unconfined compressive strength of rock by V.C. Kelessidis* Synopsis
Rock Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) using Equotip ...
Rock strength can be measured using a variety of method. Generally, the UCS (Unconfined Compressive Strength) is the most common form of assessment. Direct measurement is undertaken similarly to concrete cylinders i.e. a core of rock must be extracted from the rock …
Chapter 4 Engineering Classification of Rock Materials
properties, however, tend to control the strength of the rock mass if discontinuities are widely spaced or if the intact rock material is inherently weak or altered. Dis-continuities within a rock mass, therefore, reduce its strength and stability and reduce the energy required to excavate or erode it.
8. STRENGTH OF SOILS AND ROCKS
strength is the most commonly measured strength parameter and this is also true of rock specimens. For the uniaxial or unconfined compressive strength test a right circular cylinder of the material is compressed between the platens of a testing machine as illustrated in Fig. 8.1. The
Rock UCS with Young''s Modulus and Poissons Ratio ...
· Another option to calculate rock mass shear strength is by weighting the intact rock shear strength (from Hoek cell triaxial compression testing) with the fracture shear strength (determined from direct-shear testing of rock joints). A good method to do this is published in: Call, R. D., Cicchini, P. F., Ryan, T. M., and Barkley, R. C. 2000.
Uniaxial Compressive Strength
Uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) is a key physical test relevant to iron ore crusher design and rock geomechanics for mining. Tests are typically performed on intact lengths of NQ, HQ, or PQ diamond drill core and record the maximum axial load sustained at the point of failure.
METHODS TO QUANTIFY THE PARAMETERS APPLIED IN THE …
The uniaxial compressive strength of the rock constitutes the highest strength limit of the actual rock mass. ISRM (1981) has defined the uniaxial strength of a rock to samples of 50 mm diameter. A rock is, however, a fabric of minerals and grains bound or welded together. The rock therefore includes microscopic cracks and fissures.
STRENGTH PROPERTIES OF ROCKS AND ROCK MASSES 1 ...
STRENGTH PROPERTIES OF ROCKS AND ROCK MASSES 1. INTRODUCTION 2. TESTING OF INTACT ROCK FOR STRENGTH 2.1 Uniaxial Compression 2.2 Point Load Testing 2.3 Uniaxial Tension 2.4 Indirect Tension Tests 2.5 Shear Tests 2.6 Confined Compression Tests (Triaxial Tests) 2.7 Biaxial and Multiaxial Tests 2.8 Other Tests 3. PARAMETERS AFFECTING ROCK STRENGTH 4.
A STUDY ON MODES OF ROCK FAILURE UNDER UNIAXIAL …
work. With due need, this paper analyzes the failure modes of rock under uniaxial compression test. The nature of the principal failure mode is changed from axial splitting and shearing along a single plane to multiple fracturing in the case of rock specimens as uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) increases.
Prediction of Rock Strength using Drilling Data and Sonic …
wellbore. Awareness of rock strength could better control drilling problems such as pipe sticking, tight hole, collapse, pack off and sand production. Rock strength also controls the drilling rate of penetration (ROP). The calculations of uniaxial Compressive Strength (UCS) are based on a simplified
Rock Strength (Shear strength, compressive strength ...
1-F Rock Strength How We Measure Rock Strength … Simple measurements (called "index " tests) Uniaxial Compressive Strength (UCS), σ′3 = 0 Tensile strength (pure tension, hard for rocks!) Indirect tensile test (Brazilian test) Point-load, beam-bending, scratch …
A discussion on the decrease of unconfined compressive ...
ABSTRACT: The unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of a rock is a basic parameter for many characterization systems, strength criteria and calculation methods. It is well-known fact that it depends on the water content of the samples, and decrease when the water content increases. The paper discusses the possible causes of this reduction.
Point Load Test | Geoengineer
Estimation of Uniaxial Compressive Strength (UCS) based on I S50. The PL tests are a rock classification index but they can also be used to estimate the UCS of the tested rock. There have been many studies on the correlation between I S50 and UCS and research has shown that there is no valid relation that could predict with high accuracy the ...
Predicting the compressive and tensile strength of rocks ...
Rock engineers have commonly used the uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) and Brazilian tensile strength (BTS) of rock for designing surface and underground structures. Determining these rock strengths is time-consuming and expensive, particularly for the preliminary studies of projects. For this reason, indirect tests such as Schmidt rebound
ROCK STRENGTH, ROCK BRITTLENESS AND BLAST …
- In common rock strength testing, most hard rock specimens blow apart when the UCS is reached - This is due to the energy stored in the testing machine and in the rock specimen itself - Standard or commonly used testing machines are soft, ie they can store a lot of energy 9
CORRELATION BETWEEN UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE …
Rock engineers commonly use the unconfined compressive strength [UCS] of rocks for designing the underground structures. The standardized ASTM and ISRM are used to measure the rock strength generally [6-9]. Above method to determine the compressive strength (UCS) is time consuming and expensive. Field tests such as point load
UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF ROCK
Unconfined compressive strength (Mpa) = 145.08 Young''s Modulus (Gpa) = 14.37 Pre-Test Post-test INITIAL INFORMATION UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF ROCK 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0.0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 ) % Axial Strain
Correlation of Sonic Travel Time to the Uniaxial ...
for a broad range of coal measure rock types. For the entire data set, the relationship between UCS and sonic travel time is expressed by the following equation, where UCS is in psi and t is the travel time of the P-wave in microsec/ft. UCS = 468,000 x e-0.054t (1) The r …
STRENGTH AND DEFORMABILITY OF SPECIFIC …
However, the estimation of the rock mass properties, through certain relations, requires the intact rock strength and deformability values. Indeed the uniaxial com-pressive strength (UCS) of the intact rock is a basic component on the Hoek and Brown failure cri-terion (Hoek et al., 2002), which is used for the rock mass strength estimation.
Uniaxial compressive strength versus Global strength
sci is the uniaxial compressive strength of the intact rock pieces mi, s and a are material constants determined from the GSI rating Substituting s3 '' = 0 into this equation gives the uniaxial compressive strength of the rock mass as: a sc =sci.s (2) Consider an example in which a rock mass is defined by the following parameters:
unconfined compressive strength | Oilfield Glossary
unconfined compressive strength (UCS) 1. n. [Geology, Geophysics, Formation Evaluation] A measure of a material''s strength. The unconfined compressive strength (UCS) is the maximum axial compressive stress that a right-cylindrical sample of material can withstand under unconfined conditions—the confining stress is zero. It is also known as ...
Correlation between Uniaxial Compressive Strength and ...
Rock engineers widely use the uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) of rocks in designing surface and underground structures. The procedure for measuring this rock strength has been standardized by both the International Society for Rock Mechanics  and American Society for Testing and Materials . The method is time consuming and expensive.
Evaluation of the ratio between uniaxial compressive ...
The ratio of UCS/SRH defined as a function of the UCS is a much better indicator for assessing the mechanical characteristics of rocks because the UCS of rocks defines the strength of the material and the ratio UCS/SRH is strongly affected by the level of the UCS.
Empirical relations between rock strength and physical ...
Empirical relations between rock strength and physical properties in sedimentary rocks Chandong Chang a,⁎, Mark D. Zoback a,1, Abbas Khaksar b,2 a Department of Geophysics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305-2215, USA b GeoMechanics International, Inc., Perth, WA 6000, Australia Received 1 April 2005; received in revised form 27 November 2005; accepted 11 January 2006
Rock Compressive Strength: A Correlation from Formation ...
· The purpose of this paper is to study the strength of rocks by determining their Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS), correlate the determined strength to physical properties of rocks that can be measured from formation evaluation data and derive an equation that can be used to derive rock strength from formation evaluation measurements.
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